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This book investigates how the human development of the sending countries varies after thousands of people leave every year. The most common product of migration, remittances, is not the focus here. Instead, the focus are migrants themselves, and how they can affect the sending countries after exercising their right to exit.
This book addresses the emigration process from Latin America to the United States and its outcomes on the human development of the sending countries. As such, it goes beyond evaluating the relationship between emigration and economic prosperity in the sending countries. It also considers non-economic outcomes that entail important capabilities in the areas of education and health. By adopting the capabilities approach to human development and by taking the human based perspective on migration, this book considers migrants as agents who are able to improve their own capabilities and the capabilities of non-migrants in the sending countries. Migrants abroad, or diasporas, transfer financial remittances back to their countries of origin. They also transfer social and political remittances, which are seen through values, ideas and knowledge that they acquire in the receiving country.
This book is an invitation to explore the variety of ways in which migrants themselves make these remittances work and what are the outcomes in the sending countries. By making use of literature on international relations, politics, economy, and sociology, this study contributes by taking the human element as the main focus, and analyzing how this human element of migration, that is the migrants themselves, affect the human development in the sending countries in Latin America.